Expandable Computer News (ECN) is published bi-monthly by
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Canada; $18.00 foreign. All subscriptions payable to Sage Enterprises in U.S.
funds only. Send all correspondence (subscriptions, ads, reviews, orders,
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Staff: Editor - Darrell R. Sage, Associate - Shirley I. Sage, Assistant - Carol
Quinn, Cover by Ted Gocal
NOTE: The views expressed by contributors to ECN are not necessarily those of
the publisher. ECN and Sage Enterprises are not in any way affiliated with
Coleco Industries, Inc. We welcome contributions of original articles, programs,
reviews, comments, questions, etc. We are unable to pay for such contributions
at this time. Please include a signed statement giving us authorization to use
your contribution. We would like to thank all of our subscribers for their
assistance–without them this publication would not be possible. Coleco,
SmartBASIC, and other Coleco products are registered trademarks of Coleco
Industries, Inc.; other trademarks apply to titles of products and are held by
those companies referenced.
Sage Enterprises has available for sale a number of products for the ADAM Family
Computer System as listed below. To order any of these products send check or
money order payable to Sage Enterprises in U.S. Funds to the address listed
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Ramblings From The Ridge
by D. Sage
Family Computing magazine's publisher has
advised us that their publication intends to continue to support the
ADAM in the future. Their latest two issues have returned ADAM to their
cover and continue to carry programs and other information. We are
pleased to share this news with you.
Unfortunately, not all the news can be good. It
was recently announced that two computer magazines would cease
publication with their December 1985 issues. The two are Creative
Computing and Popular Computing. While I never have been a real fan of
Popular Computing, I have subscribed to Creative Computing for some
time. I always liked Creative at least until recent times when its
format seemed to undergo changes that took much of the meat out of the
publication. It seemed to become less technical and to lose much of
David Ahl's personal touch and become more general than I cared for. Oh
well, you can't please everyone, but in a time when computers hold so
many people's interest, it is difficult to believe that a publication
like Creative is unable to survive. I realize that advertising is the
key to the success of the glossy magazines, but when you look at the
rates they charge, you can see why many companies simply cannot afford
to spend that money at a time when margins are growing slimmer.
Companies like Ziff-Davis may need to more carefully consider the
revenues that are produced by subscriptions in paying the publication's
way and thereby become less dependent on advertising revenues. Many
software and hardware advertisers have been reading the results of
surveys that show that most of us make our buying decisions of these
products based on word-of-mouth and reviews and not based on flashy
advertising. Let's face it, there is little that you can tell about
most hardware and software products in a half-page color ad.
Well, as I look out my window, I can see a
concrete slab covered with snow and ice. No, my office is not finished.
We have had rain, rain, rain, ice, rain, ice and snow. Needless to say,
you can't do much building under those conditions. Looks like we will
have to wait for the spring thaw.
Coleco has apparently begun to ship 2010 Text
Adventure in limited quantities. Best of Electronic Arts has apparently
been cancelled and we have heard rumors that the last version was full
of bugs. Jeopardy also appears to have been cancelled. Both it and
Family Feud were to have had additional question packs when originally
planned and the decision not to produce those may have led to the
decision to cancel Jeopardy. If you are interested in completing your
collection of Coleco game carts, you should probably hurry. Some of
these are already becoming scarce and since all cartridge production
appears to have been discontinued by Coleco, the others will become
scarce soon. Look for Coleco's ADAM software to also become scarce as
remaining inventories are moved out.
Other companies continue to produce new
software for ADAM. Strategic Software has introduced PaintMaster
(reviewed in this issue) and TurboLOAD which is designed to speed up
loading of data pack and disk software. According to Strategic, Basic
programs processed with TurboLoad may load as much as ten times faster
than normal. The TurboLoad package also includes a file organizer that
allows you to manage all of your data pack or disk files. It allows you
to change the volume heading, rename files, lock, unlock, catalog, and
load and run programs. This package is to be priced at $29.95 and will
be available through the various mail order companies supporting the
Strategic Software has also advised us that
they plan to introduce MultiWRITE within the next few weeks. They
indicate that it will have a 64 column display without any hardware
add-ons and will be a full-featured word processor written primarily in
machine language. This word processor will include right and left
justification, onscreen centering, variable line width and spacing,
variable tabs, move and copy, mid-line insertion, headers and footers,
auto page numbering, single-page print, and other features. This
product will be introduced at $39.95 and will be available from the
same sources as their other software.
Elsewhere in ECN is an article announcing the
introduction of 4D Forth for the ADAM. Since the article contains all
the details, I won't repeat them here.
In a note that is sure to be of interest to
some of you, Judy Hunt has advised me that she has successfully
recovered money from the now defunct Adam Users of America's Taylor
Barcroft (Garden of ADAM newsletter which lasted one issue). Ms. Hunt
filed a claim through the small claims court in California where she is
a resident. This procedure can be successfully followed by other
residents of California, but is likely to be of little help to
non-California residents. Anyone interested in having the details
necessary to bring such a claim should contact us here at ECN and we
will be happy to help you.
Some of you have called about Serendipity
Productions' ADAM TECHNICAL JOURNAL. No one has received any issues
past #3 and they have ceased advertising. Since they have not responded
to any inquiries concerning the current delay, we must assume that they
have ceased publication. We are sorry to see them go, not only because
of the money that has been invested in subscriptions, but because we
felt that it was a fairly good publication.
A number of you expressed an interest in the
Nintendo game system, so I have included a review in this issue. If the
interest continues, I will try to include some mini-reviews of
available game cartridges in the future. This is not intended to
reflect a move away from the ADAM in our publication, but is only an
attempt to supply information that, many
of you have requested.
we will have a review of the Amstrad CPC 6128 which has finally begun
to ship. It is unfortunate that many of these smaller companies receive
no coverage in the larger computer publications.
This issue contains a variety of articles,
including one on adding composite video to the Colecovision and
Expansion Module #3, information on using languages with CP/M, ADAM
system CALLs and reviews of a variety of products. This issue does not
include any programs, but we hope to carry some in the next issue.
Although, our subscription volume continues to grow, we have noticed a
distinct decline in user written submissions of reviews, articles and
programs. Remember this is your publication and you are encouraged to
submit your programs, reviews, and articles. By next Issue, we also
plan on making more CP/M public domain programs available, but
unfortunately the demand for these materials has been fairly small.
In spite of rising postage and publication
costs we have been able to hold the price of a subscription to ECN to
$12.00 per year. Unfortunately, as of March 1, 1986, we will be forced
to increase the renewal and new subscription rate to $15. Renewals at
the current rate will continue to be honored until that date,
regardless of the expiration date of your current subscription.
Our supply of back issues is currently limited
to Issues #1, #2, #8, #9, and #10. These will remain available at the
price of $3 each. If any of the other issues are reprinted, we will
advise you in ECN.
We had planned on having this issue in the mail
before Christmas, but if it doesn't make it, we still want to wish all
of you a happy holiday season. We are looking forward to serving you in
the years to come and are proud that we have now completed two years of
publishing ECN while others have failed or never gotten started. Thanks
to all of you and a special thanks to those who have regularly
submitted materials and shared their thoughts with us and with you. Return to Top
About The Competition?
by D. Sage
Things are stirring again in the home computer
market. Even though this market is alleged by other writers to be
nonexistent, we have found it to be healthy and growing. The market
obviously exists at different levels. There are those that are buying
computers in the $1000+ range while another market exists below that.
Most ADAM owners belong to the lower end market along with others who
have yet to find a product that suites their needs. The lack of sales
at the lower end continues to be due primarily to a failure of
companies to produce a product that meets the needs of much of the
buying public. The ADAM came close, but for reasons already discussed
it failed. Commodore has produced products in the right price range,
but has consistently failed to produce a machine that can be easily
connected to products using standard interfaces. In addition Commodore
has a reputation of producing products that either have short operating
lives or have not been fully tested. Atari products have also followed
the path of non-standard interfaces and continue having difficulty
recovering from their past reputation which includes poor user support.
Both European and Japanese companies continue
to eye the American market, while some of these are now approaching
that market cautiously, still others are expected to enter it in the
near future. Amstrad began
shipping their CPC6128 in the U.S. in November and is hoping that it
will be the success here that it has in England where it is rapidly
becoming the best selling home computer in a highly competitive market.
Sinclair, in the meantime, has changed its mind concerning the QL and
decided to introduce it in the U.S. for $299. This move to the U.S. market is
rumored to have been
caused by Sinclair's inability to compete with the Amstrad system in
the U.K. (the QL is available from QL Connection, 15 Kilburn Court,
Newport, RI 02840, ph. 401/849-3805).
Meanwhile, in Japan, the MSX systems have been
under going a period of quiet change. They are generally being
transformed into 128K systems with an 80 column display, a built in
disk drive, rather than the original cassette, and a new video chip
that supports higher resolution graphics and more colors. . Originally
they had used the same video chip as the ADAM, but found that it did
not meet the needs of long term growth or of their customer base. This
new generation of MSX systems is dubbed MSX-2 and is fully compatible
with most MSX software developed for the earlier machines. Some people
suspect that these changes are being made to ready these products for
introduction into the American market. These changes appear to be
largely in response to the criticisms the machines have received when
they have been displayed here in the U.S. It is also rumored that at
least two Japanese companies (including Sony) may be planning on
introducing their MSX-2 systems with an optical disk system for data
base storage and retrieval. The rumors indicate that these systems may
be introduced in the U.S. in January with a price tag as low as $600
which includes a disk drive and optical disk system. I feel that such a
move could have a major positive impact on the U.S. market and would be
welcomed by many consumers.
Meanwhile, Yamaha seems to be the only company
actually selling an MSX computer in the U.S. We recently obtained a
Yamaha CX5M cassette based MSX computer, which we will be reviewing in
the near future. Yamaha has already announced an MSX-2 disk version of
this same computer, but considering the delays we encountered in
obtaining the CX5M, it will probably be a while before these are
available. The CX5M is sold primarily as a music composition and
synthesizer system, although it will run other MSX software if you can
find it. If anyone is interested in the Yamaha system they should
contact their local Yamaha music dealer for more information.
Despite its many critics the Atari 520 ST
continues to be selling quite well. It is expected that the operating
system for this computer will finally make it into ROM late in January.
Software is now beginning to appear in quantities for the ST and
includes a variety of products. Meanwhile, Atari is planning to
introduce a 1-megabyte ST sometime after the first of the year.
Commodore's Amiga is also selling well,
although I expect it to have much less of an impact on the home market
than the ST. Many companies are producing software for the Amiga, but
at prices considerably higher than comparable products for the ST. This
makes sense since the Amiga costs more! I don't understand the logic in
this, but people who own more expensive computers seem to be willing to
pay higher prices. I guess it's the old "whatever the traffic will
Apple and IBM have been cutting prices. IBM is
looking to unload the rest of their JR. inventory during the Christmas
season. If they couldn't sell them last year, before it was
discontinued, how can they expect to sell them now.
Apple is just trying to increase its revenues.
Prices on the IIe and IIc continue to get better, but. Now you can buy
an Apple compatible Franklin ACE 2000 with more for the money. The 2000
includes two Apple compatible 140K disk drives, 128K RAM, 80-column
display, parallel and serial printer interfaces, three expansion slots,
joystick connectors and composite color output all for $999. That
company has recovered from its lawsuit with Apple and has an operating
system that runs the Apple software without violating Apple's
copyright. For more information contact Franklin Computer, Route 73
& Haddonfield Road, Pennsauken, NJ 08110, ph. 609/488-0600.
I try to stay on top of any new developments in
this area and will try to bring you news on any developments at the
Winter CES. If you have any news or rumors on new computers, let us
know and we will try to check it out and pass it on to everyone else.
Return to Top
by D. Sage
This is the second in a series of articles
covering ADAM'S system calls. Refer to issue #11 for part 1 and an
explanation of how to use this information.
CALL FC45$ (64581) - This routine checks
on I/O progress. Checks on DCB (device control block). Determines if
I/O read is complete and error free. A register contains the device ID
at start and the error code, if any, is returned in the A register.
CALL FC48$ (64584) - Similar to FC45$
but used for the keyboard I/O. A register usage is the same.
CALL FC4B$ (64587) - Get keyboard key or
current status. If key press has occurred place key in buffer. Error
code, if any, is returned in register A. This appears to be a
CALL FC4E$ (64590) - checks I/O status
following a write. A register is device ID and error code, if any, is
returned in A register.
CALL FC51$ (64593) - checks I/O write
status of printer. A register is device ID and error code is returned
in A register.
CALL FC54$ (64596) - Finds the Device
Control Block for a specified device ID. A register is the device ID
and IY contains the start of the DCB.
CALL FC57$ (64599) - Identical to FC54$.
CALL FC5A$ (64602) - Get address of
Processor Control Block (PCB) for current PCB. Starting address
returned in IY register.
CALL FC5D$ (64605) - This is a Hard
Init. All devices are reset and all PCBs and DCBs are cleared and
checks for all active devices.
I realize that some of these CALL statements
are somewhat esoteric, but to some of you these will be useful. Next
issue we will continue with more I/O calls. Return to
& ADAM: Using Languages
by D. Sage
A number of you have asked for more information
on using languages such as those supplied in the public domain for
CP/M. Since some of these languages are accompanied by little or no
documentation you are likely to have problems when trying to
figure out how to load the language or how to load and run a program
written in that language. I will provide some of the information here,
but would also suggest that you obtain one of the many books written on
using CP/M that includes a section on using languages. You should also
probably obtain a book on the language itself. For those of you who are
using E-Basic, you will have to get one of the books on C-Basic.
Although these two languages have their differences, they are quite
similar as is indicated in the documentation accompanying E-Basic.
Naturally, one of the requirements for using the various languages
available for CP/M is a good familiarity with your ADAM CP/M manual and
the various utilities that are included in your CP/M disk. Before using
any language take the time to carefully read the ADAM CP/M manual and
become familiar with its features. It also wouldn't hurt to pick up one
of the many good books on CP/M and read it over to help clarify further
what to do. A number of these books have been reviewed in ECN. I have
found the CP/M Bible by Waite and Angermeyer to be quite useful since
it includes chapters on some of the languages as well as general
information on CP/M and its various utilities.
The first step in using any language requires
that you create a working CP/M system disk by using the SYSGEN command.
You will also generally need to transfer a copy of PIP.COM to your new
working system disk. You then need to transfer the necessary files from
the language disk to your new working system disk. You should also
transfer any sample programs written in the language to this disk if
you are planning to run them. This new disk will then have to be booted
from drive A to be used. Many of the public domain languages will only
load and run from drive A. Likewise programs written in those languages
will often only load and run if they are on drive A.
Compiled languages work differently than
interpreted languages and are generally more difficult to use
since most of you have never used anything but a version of interpreted
Basic. With CP/M, everything that you use whether it is a program or
language must be loaded before it can be used. One of the languages
available in CP/M is a version of Tiny Basic called TINIDISK. This is
an interpreted version of Basic. To load it under CP/M all you have to
do is type in "TINIDISK". Once TINIDISK is loaded it works very much
like SmartBasic although it has a restricted set of KEY words. Programs
are written and run after TINIDISK is loaded rather than using an
Compiled languages operate substantially
differently. Typically the program is written with an Editor and
then is compiled and finally is run. During the compile, any errors
will generally be listed. You then have to reload the editor and make
the necessary corrections. Some languages such as Turbo Pascal have
their own editors which eliminates the need to use the CP/M ED editor.
To use the compiler you generally enter the command in this fashion:
"COMPILER PROGRAM [switches]", where COMPILER is the name of the
compiler such as EBASIC and where PROGRAM is the name of the program
you wish to compile such as TREK.BAS. The switches are used to control
compiler output of error messages and listings. The compile process
produces an output file which is the compiled version of TREK.BAS. The
new file will have an extension of INT (TREK.INT). True compilers will
produce a resulting file with the extension .COM which does not require
a run module to load and run under CP/M. The EBASIC .INT file will only
run using the EBASIC run module ERUN or other appropriate designation,
depending on the version of EBASIC you are using. I generally recommend
that you use the latest version of the compiler which is BAS2-1.COM and
the latest version of the run module RUN2-3.COM. Occasionally you will
get errors during the RUN stage that were not identified by the
compiler. These will need to be corrected and recompiled before running.
I realize that for many of you, using CP/M is
like learning a foreign language. Remember, learning CP/M takes time
and patience. When in doubt reread the manuals and instructions or seek
guidance from someone who is familiar with CP/M. Return
4D Forth For ADAM
by Philip Taterczynski
A version of the programming language, FORTH,
prepared by 4D Interactive Systems and sold through Mountain View
Press, is now available for your ADAM. The package includes FORTH
software, the books All About FORTH, Starting FORTH, a source listing,
and all the documentation for using FORTH on the ADAM. The price for
the complete package is $175.00, and if you have any of the books,
their prices may be deducted from that figure. Ordering information
FORTH is a compact, high-level language with
many features of an assembler and operating system. These features are,
in fact, part of the language. Programming in FORTH bypasses many steps
familiar to users of SmartBASIC. When you program in FORTH you actually
add commands to your own personal copy. These definitions are much
shorter than their Basiic equivalents and become interactive with the
computer when FORTH is up and running.
The following two examples show routines
written in FORTH and Basic that are designed to print a message string
when the "M" key is pressed:
10 GET m$
20 IF m$ = "M" then print "THIS IS NOT A MESSAGE"
:M."THIS IS NOT A MESSAGE" ;
a trivial example, but it's easy to see that longer routines save
proportionally more space - and time.
This time savings become very important when
FORTH is handling highly repetitive tasks, or using graphics. FORTH can
animate graphics with no noticeable time lag compared to machine code.
The following two programs perform 32,000 operations of the
equation z = (x + y)/2 with fixed values for x and y:
10 X = 100: Y = 100: Z = 0
20 FOR I = 1 TO 32000
30 Z = (X + Y)/2
40 NEXT I
50 PRINT Z
Then type RUN
100 X ! 100 Y ! Z !
: ZZ 32000 1 DO X @ Y @+2/Z! LOOP
Z @ . ;
Then type "ZZ"
FORTH you have defined a command string "ZZ" which executes the loop.
The Basic version of the program takes 320 seconds to run; the FORTH
version requires only 105 seconds, a time savings of 67.1%. A further
advantage to the FORTH version is that all definitions you write are
always available. In Basic, of course, you can run only one program at
a time. You can see that FORTH uses typographical symbols where Basic
uses full words, and that operations are written in "reverse notation"
with the operators after the numbers.
So, FORTH is faster than BASIC, but speed is
not the only consideration. FORTH lets you address all ADAM's
peripherals and memory directly. It's possible for instance, to write
your own modem software, or store and retrieve data in specific areas
of memory without having to learn machine language. Data can be
directed to any drives you have plugged in and even address the 64K
memory expander. This allows you to use a greater range of ADAM's
capabilities. It is even possible to recover data from files which have
been deleted from a disk or tape's directory.
FORTH operates the same on all microcomputers.
New routines written on an ADAM can also be used when entered on
another system. It is also possible to insert a source disk from a PC
Jr. into an ADAM disk drive and read out data written in PC Jr. FORTH.
The data is somewhat scrambled and won't run directly, but perhaps some
clever FORTH user with time and patience can solve the problem. Since
FORTH is a standard language, using it on an ADAM helps fulfill its
function as a family learning tool.
Order from: Mountain View Press, Inc., P.O. Box
4656, Mountain View, CA 94040, ph. 415/961-4103. MVP accepts payment by
check, Master Card or VISA and phone orders on credit card. Shipping
charges are $20.00. Deduct $19.00 if you own Starting FORTH. Deduct
$25.00 if you own All About FORTH.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This article was submitted by
Alan Taylor of the Southern Minnesota ADAM User's Group. The author is
a former programmer from Coleco who is currently working for 4D
Interactive Systems, Inc. Mr. Taterczynski was involved in a variety of
projects the latest being development of JEOPARDY. 4D was involved in
development of ZAXXON, Super ZAXXON, PEPPER II, SUBROC, TARZAN, and SPY
HUNTER. This article was included because many of you have expressed an
interest in FORTH and even though the author is affiliated with the
company developing the product, it was presented in a relatively
impartial manner. Furthermore, we know Mountain View Press to be a
reputable company that specializes in carrying FORTH products.) Return to Top
by Joe Blenkle
The last two telecommunication's columns have
dealt with MADAM7, the CP/M modem program and offshoot of Modem7 that
has been configured for the ADAM.
There is also another CP/M telecommunications
program that has been modified for ADAM called MEX (Modem Executive).
My opinions of MEX are mexed (excuse the pun) to say the least. On the
outside it seems to be a fine program, similar to MADAM7, but on the
inside it seems to be much more difficult to use after using
MADAM7 for these many months.
MEX features a built in phone library,
self-copy feature so you can configure it for your own uses and
function keys. It also has been configured to dial through ADAM's
internal modem, a feature it didn't have when it first appeared in the
ADAM section of CompuServe's Creative Computing SIG.
In all honesty, I don't like MEX, but in
fairness to the program, I have not used it that much. Instead of
downgrading it, I instead will attempt to compare it to MADAM7 in its
features and versatility.
First, I'd like to mention that Kip Hammond
(whose address is found below) is offering MEX on DDP to anyone who
would like it, for a modest charge of $5. The DDP also contains several
other ADAM compatible CP/M programs. For the price, it's a worthwhile
addition to your ADAM library.
Kip's DDP comes with only the MEX.COM program.
I downloaded the MEX.HLP file from a local BBS, and a massive 80K
document file is available on CIS or probably on any other BBS that has
a version of MEX on it.
My first problem with using MEX is that I don't
have the documentation. What little I know of it comes from the HELP
file, which, at best, doesn't seem to be complete. With a little work
though, I might be able to get MEX going and even learn to enjoy it.
MEX's basic commands are relatively easy to
use. Once loaded, CAL, CALL, DIAL or PHONE will bring up the phone
directory. Those commands followed by a phone number will dial the
number for you. The PHONE command can be used for adding numbers to the
Once you connect, things proceed as they
normally would. This, however, is where I have run into another
problem. Despite following the instructions for returning to the
command mode, I can't seem to get there, so, of course, up and
downloading are out of the question. I'm sure there is an easy way
to do this, but the on-screen instructions are not as clear as one
I have heard rave reviews about MEX, but MADAM7
seems easier to use and with less problems. A lot of the commands in
MEX that are listed in the HELP file don't seem to be implemented in
the ADAM version, although this again might stem from improper use
rather than faulty configuration. Some of the more helpful commands
that do seem to work include: CLONE-recopies MEX with any changes
you've added (i.e. phone numbers, parity, etc...); KEYS - displays the
user defined function keys; BYE, EXIT, CPM - returns you to the CP/M
While I've spoken about MEX in less than
glowing terms, it is a good program. Once you've located the HELP and
documentation, it's a sturdy communications program that outshines
even MADAM7. Its biggest problem right now is that no one has collected
all the necessary files in one place in order to make it fully
functional. Until they do, MEX.COM is a good start if you're looking
for an inexpensive way to get started with ADAM CP/M
telecommunications. If nothing else, MEX will provide you with an
opportunity to do a little exploring into your CP/M system on your own.
It's always fun to see what you can discover about a program in this
MEX.COM and several other CP/M programs can be
obtained on DDP for $5 from: Kip Hammond, 11280 Washington Place,
Culver City, CA 90230. Kip wants me to remind everyone that the "Place"
is very important in the address as there is a Washington St. close by.
Return to Top
Product Review: Personal
by Roger Felts
Product: spreadsheet, data base, amortization software
Manufacturer: Softsync, Inc.
My first problem with this program is that it
is advertised as a spreadsheet with integrated data base. It does NOT
have an integrated data base, merely one and the same as the
spreadsheet. The box shows the main menu with the option of
accessing the data base, but the actual menu says nothing about
this and you cannot do it.
The spreadsheet itself is another problem. It
comes with several accounts already open, to give you an idea. To make
things easy on my wife while I was showing her how to use the program,
we changed that to one account with a different name than those
included. When we saved the account to tape and then called it back up,
our account had disappeared and all of the other accounts were back. It
would probably be a simple matter to go in and change the program so
that it doesn't default to those accounts, but we shouldn't have to.
The data base (name & addresses) is limited
to 5 lines of 40 characters each, with no provision to alter the layout
to save memory. It also gives no indication of how much memory is
actually available to the data base.
The amortization program works fine, but you
are limited to working with one year at a time and anything under 4
digits will mess up the calculations. If you want a growth chart
to show how much you pay or earn month to month, you can only do it to
the printer. Again, I modified it to print to the screen, but I
shouldn't have had to.
Overall the problems with this package far
outweigh the good points. Not recommended. Return to Top
Product Review: Autoaid
by Roger Felts
Product: Programming aid
Manufacturer: Future Vision
AutoAid is a series of programs designed to
make life easier for the ADAM programmer. It allows, among other things
the definition of Smart Keys. That is to say, suppose you need to type
the string "FOR x = 1 to 100, step 3" several times in your program,
AutoAid lets you define, say, SmartKey I to be that string. Then
instead of typing the whole mess, you just hit SmartKey I, and it is
typed for you. You can define any key to be any string, including the
use of arrow keys and RETURN. AutoAid also includes several assembly
language subroutines to allow you to: change color of background and
text; read and write to the sound chip, the video chip or the 64K
expander; and use a better low-res graphics mode. These are fun to play
with and examples are given for the use of each of the subroutines (in
case you didn't quite understand the explanation given). I like to play
around with ADAM and looking at these has given me enough ideas to last
for a while, anyhow. Recommended. Return to Top
by Gary E. Woodruff
Requirements: ADAM, disk drive, parallel interface
Warranty: 15 day trial, 1 year replacement
This printer has everything, well maybe not
everything, but it does have:
* 160 cps speed dot matrix
* Near Letter Quality (best I've seen)
* Tractor/Friction Drive
* Programmable Characters
* 2-3K Buffer
* Four Character Styles
* Condensed, Enlarged, Emphasized styles
* Bi-directional printing in both text/Basic
* Unidirectional graphic mode
* Full Epson compatibility
more than 20 different printers before deciding on this one. Epson's
FX-185, Okidata 192, Star SG-10C, Panasonics and many other fine
printers. All had features I liked. The Canon has all the features I
like plus a great many operating conveniences not mentioned in the
different companies' literature.
The tractor feed performs flawlessly and is
located behind the carriage, so you don't waste a piece of paper each
time you change documents. It has a defeat switch for using single
sheet paper, a feature several other printer's don't have and don't
tell you about. It has an easy adjustment for paper thickness, a form
feed button, and a line feed button. And its power switch is easily
accessible, especially if you locate the printer on the left side of
This printer is very well built, very easy to
use and has a NLQ mode that surpasses any other I have seen. The buffer
holds in excess of one page of material and frees the computer to your
use within 9-10 seconds after you hit print.
The only thing I don't like about this printer
is that the dip switches for changing character styles, etc. are on the
inside and you have to remove the cover to change them. However, there
they can't be bumped and most people will use software commands anyway.
The best part is the price. List price is $499,
but through Computer Direct in Barrington, IL (312-382-5050) the price
is right. Return to Top
Product Review: C-Interface
by D. Sage
Product: Printer Interface
Manufacturer: Capital Software, P.O. Box 370, St. Louis, MO 63032
Requirements: ADAM, Commodore compatible printer
Warranty: One year
Price: C-Interface, $69.95 + 3.50 s&h; with Centronics
option, $119.95 + $4.00 s&h
Two days after the C-Interface ad appeared in
Family Computing magazine, I placed my order for the C-Interface with
the Centronics option and the Okimate 10 printer. About four weeks
later I received the printer via UPS and the interface arrived a couple
of days after that. I carefully read the accompanying instructions and
at first opportunity, decided to give the "C" a try. The instructions
are relatively easy to follow, but since the interface mounts in one of
the internal slots you have to drill a hole in the ADAM'S removable
cover in order to hook up the printer cable. I have two stand-alone
ADAMs and one Expansion Module 3. Since I already have Eve SP-1
interfaces on the two stand-alones, I decided to install the C in my
Expansion Module. The first problem I encountered was that the
instructions for drilling the hole in the cover apply only to the
stand-alone ADAM and not to the Expansion Module. The internal slots
in. the Expansion Module are located further to the left than in the
stand-alone, so you are forced to figure out where the hole should be
The next problem that I encountered is that the
C-Interface goes into slot #1. For those of you who don't have a modem,
that is the modem slot. For those of you who do have a modem, you will
probably not want to spend time removing the modem and installing the
C-Interface and vice versa. Since slot #2 and the external expansion
slot will both support a printer interface, I am really not certain why
this company chose to use slot #1 which is necessary for the modem. I
suspect that this decision will greatly diminish the success of the
In any event, the installation process only
took a few minutes, but then I have a well equipped work shop and more
drill bits than most people have pencils. You need either a 5/8 or a
3/4 in. drill bit. The larger hole is necessary if you get the
Centronics option. Once the hole is drilled and the interface is
installed in slot #1, you then connect the Commodore din type cable to
the interface and your Commodore printer. I used the Okimate 10
printer, since I was interested in the color capabilities of the
interface. I also have a Commodore 1525 that would work quite well for
black and white graphics or printing.
Next I reread the manual before trying to use
the accompanying software. Having worked with the Eve interface for
some time now, I was disappointed to find that the software does not
patch SmartBasic so that you can use the PR# commands and there is no
software support included for CP/M. The accompanying data pack
contained the following Basic and machine language programs:
CDRIVER (m/l program)
graphprint (the rest are Basic)
For my first test, I put a black ribbon in the
Okimate 10, so that I could print out some program listings and
SmartWriter files. I followed the instructions and loaded and ran all
the appropriate programs. To list or print files from a disk or ddp
other than the one accompanying the C-Interface you have to run the
comprint or cenprint programs, break out of the program with a
Control-C when asked if you wish to pause between pages, insert the
data pack or disk, get a "catalog", then type in RUN 42020 to list the
file or program from that data pack. The files listed correctly with no
problems. This is somewhat inconvenient since you cannot list a program
that you are working on unless you save it first (this may be a good
practice, but you then have to reload it to continue working). This is
not nearly as convenient as typing PR#1 or PR#2 and then LIST.
This also makes getting a printed copy of a catalog rather difficult if
you want to use the C-Interface rather than the ADAM printer.
The next step was to test out the color
printing features of the C-Interface. A demonstration program
"colortest" is provided to show you how to do this and to test your
printer. I loaded the programs according to the instructions for the
black and white graphics test and everything worked correctly. The
program prints out everything shown on the graphics screen and can
be modified to reduce the number of lines actually printed, so you
don't waste ribbon on printing the border. It would be nice if you
could use this program in conjunction with software like PaintMaster,
but at this time that is not possible. To do this you would have to
write a program that would load a Save'd PaintMaster picture and then
do a screendump using the graphics utility accompanying the
C-interface. Perhaps someone will come up with software to do this. If
you already have graphics programs that are written in Basic, it should
not be too difficult to modify them so that you can include a print
feature to dump the image to an Okimate 10 color printer.
If you want to use the Centronics adapter with
the C-interface, you have to exercise some caution. The manual
instructs you never to turn on a printer connected to the Centronics
adapter until after you have initialized the port using the
accompanying software. Otherwise, damage to your ADAM could result.
The manufacturers of the C-Interface ask for
feedback on how the product and software support can be improved. In
addition they offer a full one year warranty and indicate that changes
to the software will be supplied to original owners during the warranty
period. Perhaps the one change or improvement that needs to be made is
to allow access to the C-interface using the PR# commands. Another
enhancement that would be nice, would be the addition of CP/M support.
My response to this product is somewhat
ambivalent. For someone who is looking for a general purpose
printer interface, I would have to continue to recommend the EVE SP-1.
For someone whose primary needs are for color printing or for a less
expensive alternative to the EVE then I would say you may want to
consider this product, if you are willing to accept the inconvenience
of swapping your modem with the C-interface in order to use its
features. For myself the $70 is worth it to have the color
capabilities, but then I have three ADAMs and do not use this one for
telecommunications. For these reasons I am giving the
C-Interface a rating of 5 and only a conditional
recommendation. Return to Top
Product Review: Convert &
Installing Turbo Pascal
by Tom Gilmore
Product: CP/M 2.2 media convertere
Manufacturer: Sage Enterprises
Media: Disk or DDP
Requirements: ADAM, at least one disk drive, at least one
digital data drive, CP/M 2.2, SmartBasic, plus at least one piece of
other software that you're itching to get on your ADAM to use.
Warranty: 90 days
Price: $34.95 + $2.00 shipping from Sage Enterprises
I had been looking for a way to get on my ADAM
a nifty piece of development software called Turbo Pascal (Version 3.0,
$69.95 from Borland International, 4585 Scotts Valley Dr., Scotts
Valley, CA 5066). It (Turbo Pascal) had "grown up" on CP/M micros and
had been adapted for MANY 8-bit and 16-bit machines. If only I could
find a way to use it on ADAM, I could see it extending the commercial
[income producing] life of at least 2 ADAMs, plus probably plenty of
others, if their owners only knew how good ADAM hardware and Turbo
Pascal could be -- a high-level, general language, fast and efficient,
a genuine compiler (not an interpreter like SmartBasic or Logo),
suitable for AI, yes: Artificial Intelligence, experiments and
developing, and a really handy editor with autotab, prev-page,
next-page, quick-to-the-end, quick-to-the-top, with real WORD-editing,
real line and column number indicators, etc. (on which this review was
As the Emperor said in "Amadeus", "Well, then
there it is." And so it was. The CONVERT package rom Sage Enterprises
opens wide the door to CP/M software for ADAM owners. "Other" files are
translated to ADAM-compatible files. It's an honor to report: IT WORKS!
Following on the heels of the very useful and
reliable PACKCOPY software, CONVERT provides practical (and enjoyable)
solutions to some key user needs and problems. With proofread,
easy-to-follow, on-line and on-paper instructions, carefully tuned to
new-user needs, it quietly WORKS! It does what it says it will do, and
I appreciate that!
Now, to some new-user insights that might help
1. Careful now, CONVERT does NOT magically
translate ALL disks, or ALL CP/M software. (It does what it says, so
read what it says it does...).
2. It MAY be hard to get what YOU want on an
SSDD (single-sided, double density) disk. For example, from Borland's
myriad CPM options, just one fit -— here it is: Radio Shack IV CP/M 80
5" SSDD (provided for DEC Rainbow's!).
3. Make sure it's generic CP/M 2.2 for an 8 bit
computer. (ADAM is a Z-80, if that helps someone.)
4. Software vendors (and retailers) may not
believe you when you say, "Yeah, if you can make it SSDD, I can read it
with Sage's CONVERT right on my ADAM."
5. If the software developer has done his
homework, you may have a full evening explaining what does what in
detail on your ADAM. As an example, see Turbo's questions and my
With those points in mind, if you can (or want
to) meet the stated requirements, DO IT! CONVERT is a prize. IT WORKS!!
Now to my installation dialogue via ADAM, with
many thanks to Sage for CONVERT. With Turbo you can just push the
actual key(s) in reply to the installation questions. (Note: *
indicates my answer could have been better. If you know a better
answer, use yours and let me know.)
[C]ommand install, etc.
Choose one of the following terminals:
(list of over 30)
Send an initialization?
Send a rest string?
Cursor Lead-in Command?
Offset to add line?
Offset to add column?
Clear Screen Command?
Does that home cursor?
Delete LINE command?
Insert LINE command?
Erase to End of Line?
Start Low Video Command?
Start Normal Video?
No. of Rows on screen?
No. of Columns?
Is this definiation OK?
Operating Frequency MHz?
[S]creen install, [C]ommand
ADAM owner's answer
None of the above
*Ctrl B [ESC]I [RET]
*Ctrl J [RET]
Ctrl ] [RET]
Ctrl / [RET]
Note: Spaces have been added to the owner's entries here for
readability only. Do not enter spaces during installation. [RET] means
the RETURN KEY and [ESC] means the ESCAPE key.)
I knew from experience that I could waste a lot
of time trying to improve on the defaults, so I skipped the [C]
dialogue. All 45 of the commands will work, except number 8, 9, and 27.
You get a lot you never had before!
NOTE: I didn't like the results using the ADAM
default color settings on the alternate character set, so using
CONFIG.COM I tried others and found the following to be the best for
me: 0 0 1 B 4.
To finish off my installation for a streamlined
operation, I took a fresh disk with the revised SYSGEN (from CONFIG),
PIP'd on only the following COM files: LISTER, STAT, PIP, TURBO; plus
TURBO.MSG, and TURBO.OVR. Then I used CONFIG once again to set the
SMART KEYS as follows:
Smart Key I
Smart Key II
Smart Key III
Smart Key IV
Smart Key V
Smart Key VI
It's an exciting combination: ADAM hardware and
Turbo software, thanks to Sage's CONVERT! Happy Designing!!! Return to Top
Product Review: Fastfiler
by Roger Felts
Product: Data Base
Manufacturer: Strategic Software
Media: Data Pack
In almost direct contradiction to a review
published in the last news letter, I recommend this program. The copy I
received was defective, and after quite a runaround (it must be the
hardware—you know the ADAM is not very well engineered, I was told).
When I located the problem on my own (two lines of the program had been
superimposed), it worked fine. Strategic Software indicated the problem
was with their duplication service. I was told that after many
complaints they were changing duplication services. This is the only
problem I have had with this program.
I use Fastfiler at work (I manage a video
store) to keep track of how often my tapes rent. I also have our
membership list and the store's inventory organized with Fastfiler, and
once I got it running, have had no other problems with it. Recommended.
Return to Top
Review: Nintendo Entertainment System
by D. Sage
Product: Video Game System
Warranty: 90 day
Price: $159.95 ($120 at Crazy Eddie, 401 Old Country Road, Carle
Place, NY 11514, ph. (516) 333-4040
Remember when the experts said that dedicated
video game machines were dead? Well, how come the Nintendo system is
selling so well? During a time when Coleco and Atari are selling their
game systems and cartridges at discounted prices, Nintendo has
introduced an excellent, inexpensive game system that appears to be on
its way to success.
When you buy a Nintendo system you get their
Phaser light gun, the R.O.B. (robot), the system unit, and the Duck
Hunt and Gyromite game cartridges. The system can be connected
directly to a composite monitor or a television set. The instructions
are easy to follow and it took only a few minutes to set up the system.
R.O.B. took a little longer, because I failed to read the instructions
first. When I purchased this system, I also obtained the EXCITEBIKE and
ICE CLIMBER cartridges. Excitebike is one of the programmable carts
that allows you to design your own racing course.
I have already spent several hours playing all
four games and have found them to be excellent. Graphics, game play and
sound are superb. In Duck Hunt you use the light gun to shoot ducks or
clay pigeons. Hitting the targets takes skill, because of the
sensitivity and accuracy of the light gun. To knock down a duck you
have to be right on target and the clay pigeons are even harder to hit
on the higher levels. To advance to a higher level you must have at
least a 60% hit rate, otherwise the game ends.
In Gyromite you must send commands to R.O.B.
from the TV screen to make him move the spinning gyros to the
appropriate station. Once done, R.O.B.'s controller is activated
causing various barriers to be raised or lowered on the screen. This
allows you to move the professor to get rid of the dynamite or avoid
the pesky Smicks. Using R.O.B. requires more strategy than simply
playing the game on the screen. At higher levels you have to have
R.O.B. use both gyros in order to manipulate both the red and blue
barriers at the same time. This means that you have to get one gyro
spinning so that it can be left in place while you retrieve the second
one. This game is more than a challenge it is also quite fun.
In Excitebike you race dirt bikes either solo
or against computer controlled competitors. In order to advance to a
higher level you must finish at least third in the current heat. Action
is realistic and fast. This game also allows you to create your own
race course with a variety of obstacles available for inclusion.
Of the four I have played Ice Climber the
least, but only because I have not had the time to play it. This is a
one or two player game where both players play simultaneously and can
either help or hinder each other. The goal is to chop through various
levels of ice and climb up to the top of increasingly more difficult
The Nintendo Entertainment System is a
low-cost, but extremely entertaining way to play arcade quality video
games. This system all ready has over 25 top-notch games available. I
highly recommend it. Return to Top
Product Review: Paintmaster
by D. Sage
Product: Paint Software
Manufacturer: Strategic Software
Requirements: ADAM, joystick
Warranty: 90 day
Price: $24.95, review copy supplied by Strategic Software
Paintmaster is an easy to use "paint" program
that allows you to create pictures on your ADAM. While the software
requires that you load Basic before running, most of the software is
written in machine language and simply uses a Basic loader to run.
Accompanying the software are a number of sample pictures that give you
an idea of the program's capabilities. This software pushes the
graphics capability of the ADAM'S video chip close to its limits, which
can result in occasional bleeding of colors and on-screen flickering
of the joystick driven paintbrush. These problems are acknowledged in
The software allows you to select from any of
the ADAM'S available colors for either background or paint. Paint is
applied by pressing the right fire button of joystick #2 and can be
erased by pressing the left fire button. You can select from a variety
of brush widths. In addition you can select a variety of filled or
unfilled shapes including circles, triangles and trapezoids. You can
use the line feature which will draw a line between any two points of
your choosing. You can move previously created objects or duplicate
them elsewhere on the screen. About the only features lacking in this
program are the ability to readily change the color of an existing area
of your picture and a fill feature found in paint programs for other
computers. All of this can be overcome or worked around using the
You can store your masterpieces on data pack or
disk and recall them whenever you wish, just to admire them or make
further improvements. Except for the blinking of the on-screen brush,
movement of the brush with the joystick is relatively smooth, certainly
smoother than some of the paint programs I have used with the Commodore
64. The bleeding problem can be worked around to some extent by choice
of brush size and by exercising care when placing colors next to other
If you are in to graphics or art, this program
will probably be for you. Detailed works will take a great deal of
time, but you can stop and return whenever you like. The only other
feature lacking in this program is a way to print out your creations
and maybe someone will solve that soon. Recommended. Return
Review: ADAM Resource
by Roger Felts
Manufacturer: Keith Burrows, editor, The ADAM Resource, P.O. Box
90, Seelyville, IN 47878
The "ADAM Resource Directory" is billed as
"Everything in the World for your ADAM", and tries to be just that. It
has fairly complete listings of manufacturers and makers of ADAM
software and hardware, listings of BBS's nationwide and in Canada, a
tips section that should become more and more valuable in the future,
listings of ADAM software by type and application as well as
alphabetically, and a listing of ADAM users by city, interests and
configuration. This last is, of course, incomplete as only those users
who contacted the editor were included, but scattered throughout the
book are addresses to write to so that your name, tip, product, or user
group can be included in the next edition (the plan is to publish twice
a year). The Directory certainly helped me: now I can get rid of most
of those catalogs from software companies that my wife has been kicking
about. I both recommend the Directory and encourage everyone to submit
(they are planning a user group news section and a review section for
the next edition...). Recommended. Return to Top
Product Review: Sorcerer
by Amil Dillinger
Product: Text adventure
Requirements: ADAM, disk drive, CP/M 2.2
Warranty: As is, unless purchased from INFOCOM, then 90 days
Sorcerer comes in a sturdy attractive package
(10 x 13 in.) along with a copy of "Popular Enchanting" complete with
spell casters display ads and classified for the wizard.
This, as is true with all Infocom games is a
text adventure. However, it's not just a regular text game that will
take only one or two word commands. When playing Sorcerer, you write
much as you would talk. For example: you might say, "Cast the Bozbar
spell on the horse." or "Point the magic wand at the Demon." You can
also ask or tell the Sorcerer to do more than one thing at a time.
Example: "Take all but the dagger, slimy vial and ruby." or "Throw
spell book and candle stick into the chasm."
You can also move in 10 directions, north,
south, east, west, northwest, southwest, southeast, up and down. You
can use abbreviations for these, i.e. NE, U, D, etc.
The major drawback I have found is the 80
column screen that the text is displayed on. To eliminate this I
purchased Screenchop from Elliam Associates. This program loads itself
under CP/M and will not interfere with other programs. It allows all of
the text to appear on the screen at one time so that you do not have to
scroll horizontally. You can also use the undo key to remove the CP/M
Smart Key display at the bottom of the screen. This lets three more
lines of text be displayed. The return bar will allow the next 22 lines
of text to be displayed or if this is to much to be read, the space bar
will allow the next 5 lines to be displayed.
To load Sorcerer using Screen chop the
following steps must be followed:
1. Insert CP/M in DDP drive #1 and pull computer reset.
2. Insert Screenchop disk, leaving CP/M ddp in drive.
3. Type C: and push return.
4. Type SCNCHOP and press return. Wait for it to load.
5. Take Screenchop out and insert Sorcerer Disk.
6. Log in Sorcerer disk by pressing Control-C.
7. Type in SORCERER and press return.
Get ready, set, go. You start out in a strange
location and cannot remember how you got there. As the haze clears, you
see that you are in a forest. As you look around, you see that all the
trees are sickly and there is no undergrowth. One tree looks climbable
and the path continues to the northeast. Wait--what's that? A hellhound
is racing toward you, its open jaws displaying rows of razor sharp
teeth. What do you do now? Naturally, you climb the tree to safety.
Right? Wrong! You see a giant boa constrictor sliding toward you, while
at the base of the tree the hellhound jumps madly about with its jaws
snapping at you. What do you do now? Sorry, you'll have to buy the game
to find out.
I rated this game a 10 because you talk to it
in multiple word commands. It's not a game you can sit down and master
in an evening's play. It's hard and takes about 40 hours on-screen
time. It has a save command that allows you to start where you left off
rather than beginning over each time you play. If you like text games,
this is definitely for you. I have several other Infocom games and
will send in reviews as I work them. These games are definitely a
challenge and a lot of fun. I included loading instructions because
many ADAM users may be beginners like I am with CP/M and they may find
this useful. Return to Top
Review: Stellar 5
by D. Sage
Product: Astronomy Software
Manufacturer: Hanania Enterprises, Ltd., P.O. Box 356, Tinley
Park, IL 60477
Media: Disk or DDP
Warranty: 30 days
Price: $36 on disk/$39 on DDP. Review copy supplied by
Stars, comets, constellations are all there in
the sky, but where? Stellar 5 will help you find them and more. Written
in Basic, this is an extremely useful collection of menu loaded
programs. For those of you interested in astronomy or interested
in learning astronomy this is a useful program.
Shortly after I received the initial review
copy, I was sent an update that includes the ability to display planet
positions relative to six of the Zodiac constellations for a 60 day
I have checked a number of the program's
features against some of my star books and found the results to be
quite accurate. I particularly like the comet tracking features. I plan
on using that to follow Halley's which will be the first comet I have
seen since the 1950s.
Some of the other features included in Stellar
5 are the ability to calculate distances between objects; a star,
comet, galaxy and nebula locater; constellation displays; phases of the
moon, Zodiac signs; calculate Julian dates; and the planet locater. The
software is all menu driven and the disk drive version is relatively
fast. The author even includes information on using celestial
coordinates, sufficient to use the software.
This software is an ideal way to introduce
yourself or your children to astronomy. If you are lucky enough to find
a clear night, try the program and then go outside and try to locate
the planets, Halley's comet, or a constellation using the information
provided by the program. This program is highly recommended.
One of the problems many of us are experiencing
while trying to view the stars is light pollution. You can do your part
by turning off any unneeded outside lights during Halley's comets
visit, especially during the prime viewing hours. Return
Robert A. O'Donoghue, P.O. Box
Brampton, Ontario, Canada L6V 2L3, ph. 416/457-4064 would like to hear
from ADAM owners in the Brampton area.
The address for CHALLENGE WARE has
changed to 5801 Foxboro NW, Canton, OH 44718, ph. 216/494-6870.
Spectrum Electronics, 14
Crescent, Brantford, Ontario CANADA N3R 7E6, has available 64K memory
expanders for $80 Canadian ($65 U.S.) and they carry a 30 day warranty.
If there is sufficient interest they may consider producing a modem and
an RS-232 board.
FOR SALE: (All items mint
complete) Colecovision with Donkey Kong and talking Sewer Sam $35.00;
Turbo Driving module with Turbo and Dukes of Hazard-$20; Roller
Controller with Slither and Centipede-$20; ADAM expansion module CPU
without Data Drive-$35; ADAM Keyboard-$12; Unopened Basic or Buck
Rogers-$4 each; ADAM's Companion book (updated) $4. Add postage.
Contact John Bonavita, P.O. Box 320, St. Bonaventure, NY 14778. Return to Top
Bugs, Errata, Etc.
John Moore informs us that a short
game controllers can disable your ADAM. The symptoms are that the ADAM
will enter the typewriter mode when turned on, but the SmartWriter
cannot be brought up.
Strategic Software has submitted
following information concerning FastFILER:
"A defect has been discovered in several
versions of SmartBASIC that prevent FastFILER from saving your File and
Records to data pack or disk properly. If you are experiencing this
difficulty, we suggest that you follow the procedure listed below as it
may eliminate the problem.
"Please NOTE: The right bracket symbol (]) that appears on the
screen while SmartBASIC is loaded will be referred to as the ready
1). Load SmartBASIC into memory.
2). When the ready prompt appears, insert the FastFILER program data
3). When the ready prompt appears, type the following line as shown and
4). When the ready prompt appears, type the following line as shown and
5). When the ready prompt appears, type the following line as shown and
6). When the ready prompt appears, type the following line as shown and
"You may now run FastFILER and your file should
save normally. However, you may now only keep one (1) file on this data
pack at a time. If you have any other files present on the data pack or
disk that you are storing your file/records on them will be erased. We
suggest that you back-up your files often."
Owen McNulty tells us that in the
Busters" cartridge, the spotlight circles appear only when one is over
the lake. They will not appear at any other time.
J.S. Ramsay suggests that for
feel constrained by the 24 character limit on searchable fields in
SmartFiler, he suggests running the excess characters over into a
second, non-searchable field (i.e.; TITLE1, TITLE2, etc.) and
using the print format option to rejoin the fields for outputting hard
copy. Return to Top
The list of user's groups continues to grow. If there
isn't one in your area to join -- start one.
#1 Adam User's
P.O. Box 3761
Cherry Hill, NJ 08034
ADAM User's Group
P.O. Box P
Lynbrook, NY 11563
Victor L. Watford
P.O. Box 777
7210 Bulen Drive
Anchorage, AK 99507
4525 S. White Pine
Tucson, AZ 85730
Robert R. Marentes
9425 N. 38th Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85021
So. California ADAM
8580 Buggy Whip Rd.
Alta Loma, CA 91701
Corona, CA 91719
James Turner, Jr.
20110 Ave. 19
Madera, CA 93637
ph. 299/ 661-8290
Bay Region ADAM
Francisco, CA 94131
Mike & Paula
6644 Seine Ave.
Highland, CA 92346
ADAM User's Group
Jesse Thornhill, II
1416 Lipan St.
Denver, CO 80204
2335C Apollo Ave.
Honolulu, HI 96818
Donald R. Lager
5415 N. 2nd St.
Rockford, IL 61111
Cincinatti Adam Users Group
c/o Keith Bowman
P.O. Box 434
Alexandria, KY 41001
P.O. Box 85
East Detroit, MI
Bill & Nancy
12426-15th St. S.
Afton, MN 55001
Alan L. Taylor
612 7th Ave. NE
Call after 6
Thomas C. Gilmore
1424 West 33rd St.
Minneapolis, MN 55408
P.O. Box 771
Starkville, MS 39759
Omaha ADAM Users
809 West 33rd Ave.
Bellevue, NE 68005
4327 Thorndale Pl.
Las Vegas, NV 89103
Metro Adam User's
414 W. 149th St.
New York, NY
ph. 212/208-0645 -
Donald K. Zimmermah
5132 Jordon Road
Silver Springs, NY
Gary E. Hill
L-5 Oak Grove
Chapel Hill, NC 27514
Lake Erie Adam
2110 W. 36th Street
Lorain, OH 44503
4:30pm & 8pm EST
The (717) Adam
120 E. 4th ST.
Bloomsburg, PA 17815
Adam Users of El
6308 Falling Star
El Paso, TX 79912
c/o Thomas Rutan
1805 14th Ave. N
Texas City, TX 77590
Norfolk ADAM Group
Gerald M. Steen
1000 Rockbridge Ave.
1811 St. Roman Dr.
Vienna, VA 22180
Puget Sound Adam
22607 SE 322nd
Kent, WA 98042
or Barbara Duncan
USNH, Box 2844
FPO Seattle, WA 98778
95 Harland Crescent
Ajax, Ontario L1S 1K2
1420 Ave. Langevin
Alma, Quebec G8B 6B1
7350 Roi Rene
Anjou, Quebec H1K 3G6
Mr. G. Hibbert
P.O. Box 10
P.O. Box 547
729 Government Ave.
P.O. Box 123
260 Adelaide St. East
Toronto, Ontario M5A
ADAM Owner's &
4 Norman Street
Deakin, ACT 2600,
Return to Top
by Joe Blenkle
wishing to add their name to the high score list should send the game,
score, and level to Joe Blenkle, P.O. Box 41746, Sacramento, CA 95841
or leave an EMAIL message on Compuserve at 70247,2466. Due to space
limitations, all games may not be listed in every issue of ECN, entries
may be limited to only those scores for which new high scores have been
achieved. For a complete list send a SASE to the above address.
Donkey Kong Jr.
High Scores as of Jan./Feb. 1986
Adding Composite Video To Module #3
by John Moore
(Editor's NOTE: This procedure will void the
warranty on your Colecovision game system and may void the warranty on
the Expansion Module #3. The use of this procedure is at your own risk.
Neither the author nor Sage Enterprises will accept responsibility for
damage done to your system as a result of the installation of these
modifications to your Colecovision.)
Since several people have expressed a desire to
add a monitor to their Expansion Module #3, there might be some
interest in how I did it. It is not a difficult job, and the circuit
works, but I would not recommend it to anyone who is not familiar with
electronic repair and soldering. This modification requires more skill
than a packaged do-it-yourself kit! If you lack this experience,
perhaps you could find a TV repairman or a friend who is an amateur
radio operator who would be willing to do the job for you.
For convenience's sake, I will specify the
Radio Shack part number on the parts list. Since prices may vary,
they'll be omitted, but I would expect that you will spend less than
$10 on it. In each case, buy only one of each item. Most come in packs
of two or more - so you will have enough.
1 - MPS2222A transistor
22 mf 16V tant.
you have these parts, you are ready to begin. Remove the 8 screws that
hold the Colecovision together, and work the top free. Mine did finally
come loose, but I had to work at it! Now remove the two screws holding
the upper shield in place. Inside are two more screws holding the
circuit board and lower shield in. Remove them. You may need to
unsolder the front left corner. Look and see.
Looking at the bottom shield, you will need to
notch out a hole for the output cables to come through. At the corner
nearest the old power socket, cut out a notch. Turn the circuit board
over and examine the area underneath the RF modulator (the little metal
box on the rear of the board that has the channel switch and output
socket on it). Compare it to the drawing to find where you will need to
make connections. Find this before proceeding.
Now you will need to drill two holes for the
output jacks. There is enough room on the lower deck at the rear of the
Colecovision between the old power input socket and the place where
you've been plugging the cord to your TV set. Mount the jacks there.
You might as well go ahead and wire in the filter (consisting of the
100 microhenry choke and twin 100 pf capacitors to ground) to the sound
jack. Now we will install the rest of the circuit. Look at the top of
the board and find the Sound Chip (SN76489). When you have found it,
locate it on the foil side (bottom) of the board. Solder one end of a
.1 mfd disc capacitor to pin 7 as shown, counting the lower left-hand
pin as one. Be sure to insulate the leads of the capacitor with old
wire insulation or "spaghetti". The other end of the capacitor goes to
the 100 mh choke. Be sure to solder the shield to a grounded foil, and
to the outer conductor of the output jack.
Now, we will connect the video. In each case,
insulate wires so that they will not short out to others. I also placed
a patch of electrical tape on the shield that went under the circuit so
that it would not accidentally hit that either. Refer to the diagram to
make the connections carefully. First, connect a 22K resistor between
points W and V. Lay out a 220 Ohm resistor as shown and solder the
right side to the ground foil to hold it in place.
Prepare the transistor, and solder it in place
with the flat side down. The top lead is soldered to X. The center lead
to Y and the lower lead to I. Now connect a 4.7 pf capacitor from Y to
Z and the positive lead of the 16 mf capacitor to Z (the end of the 220
Ohm reistor). The output video line should have its shield soldered to
the ground foil and the center lead soldered to the negative lead of
the 16 mf capacitor. This completes the work on the circuit board, so
carefully install it in the Colecovision along with its shields.
You should have already connected the audio
line, so now, just route the video line to the jack, connect the center
wire to the center of the jack and the ground wire (shield) to the
If the signal coming out the video jack is too
high, then you will need to buy a small 1K trimmer from Radio Shack and
connect it to the video line and video jack. This circuit is virtually
identical to the one Coleco included in the stand-alone ADAM.
Putting it in your Colecovision allows you to get higher quality in
both video AND sound with a monitor! Return to Top
ADAM 5 1/4 Disk
Address Book Filer
EXTRA DIGITAL DATA
Printer Ribbon for
Printer Ribbon for
Loran Digital Data
$5.50 or 5/$25.00
Dust Cover for
(vinyl brown 3
Nashua 5 1/4 SS/DD
Disk Storage MM5
5 1/4 disks.....$11.00
CP/M 2.2 &
Smart Filer (DP,
Donkey Kong JR
Electronic Word Book
Recipe Filer (DP,
Wacky Word Games
OFFER: PURCHASE ANY TWO STRATEGIC SOFTWARE ITEMS
DURING JAN/FEB, GET A EXTRA DIGITAL DATA DRIVE FOR ONLY $29.
Smart SPELLER (DP, DISK) - SmartSPELLER has a built In electronic
dictionary containing many of the most commonly used words in the
English language. Automatic spelling, typographical error detection
& correction system for SmartWRlTER documents....................$39
PowerPRINT (DP) - A complete printing enhancement system for
SmartWRlTER documents. PowerPRINT can do the following:
Headers,footers,single page print selection, auto page numbering,
forced page breaks, variable margins, line spacing, justifications
MultiWRITE (DP) - The only 64 column professional word processing
system for the ADAM that does NOT require any additional hardware.
MultiWRITE displays a full 64 characters of text at one time without
the need of an 80 column board. MultiWRITE displays a true what you see
is what you get!..........$39..
FastFILER (DP) - A complete file management system. Program is
perfect for mail list, inventory control & hundreds of other
DataCALC (DP) - A complete electronic spreadsheet which may
contain up to 21 columns and 60 rows, giving you more than 1200 storage
PaintMASTER (DP) - A unique high-resolution drawing and painting
system for the ADAM. Variable brush sizes, foreground colors and
background colors. Icon driven command functions. Load & Save
TurboLOAD (DP) - With TurboLOAD, your programs will load as much
as ten times faster. TurboLOAD will improve the performance of your digital data
drive or disk drive as much as 1000%........$29
For our complete catalog send a SASE to the above address -- THANK YOU.
Ordering & Terms: All orders shipped within the continental
USA add $1.50 per order shipping charges. All others add 5% of total
order (minimum $3.50) for shipping charges. NY State residents must add
sales tax. COD orders call 718-336-7612. Canadian orders must be a
postal money order in US funds. Return to Top
Copyright 1985 Sage Enterprises - All Rights Reserved
PACKCOPY allows you to make backup copies of your ADAM
software. Make backup copies of Basic
(includes autoboot), SmartFiler, AdamCalc, SuperGames (EVEN the short
SuperGames), and almost all other software
on disk or digital data pack. May be used with one or two data
To order send check or money order for $41.50 payable to Sage
Enterprises, Rt. 2, Box 211, Russellville, MO 65074.
Sorry no charges or COD orders.
NOTE: PACKCOPY is intended for archival use ONLY. Any other use
may be in violation of copyright
Return to Top
STELLAR 5 will make it easy
for you to spot any star, any
planet, any constellation and to track HALLEY'S COMET for any date. You
don't need a telescope.
Halley's Comet -
Track it as it crosses the sky and follow 14 other comets.
Planets - STELLAR 5
tells you where to look, the constellation it's in, its brightness,
phase & distance from earth.
Displays 42 constellations, location, 150 major stars and 100 major
Also calculate the distance between any two objects in space, dates for
full and new moons, and a star locator and data program.
Now includes a graphic planet locater. STELLAR
5 provides a printout of all data. All you do
is give the object's name, year, month and day. STELLAR
5 does the rest!!!
GUARANTEED - Shipped immediately - Includes
all shipping costs. Send a check or money order only. $36.00 for disk
and $39.00 for data pack to:
Hanania Enterprises, Ltd.
P.O. Box 356
Tinley Park, IL 60477
Return to Top
CONVERT is a utility
program that allows you to transfer infomation from other CP/M
single-sided double-density disk formats to the ADAM CP/M disk format.
CONVERT allows you to read and
write to disks that are In the following formats: Zenith 100 CP/M 85
SSDD; TRS-80 Model IV CP/M+ SSDD; and IBM CP/M-86 SSDD.
Your ADAM can only run programs that are CP/M 2.2 compatible. These
programs are commonly called generic CP/M 2.2 programs. ADAM cannot
generally run programs that were written for other versions of CP/M or
that have been specifically configured for another computer. Most
dealers and suppliers of CP/M programs have the capability of supplying
CP/M 2.2 software on a variety of disk formats. Unfortunately, few
companies can supply such software In the ADAM format. Most companies
can supply CP/M 2.2 software In the formats that
CONVERT can read. When buying
such software make sure that you get a generic CP/M 2.2 version copied
to one of the formats listed above. DO NOT buy CP/M+, CP/M 85 or CP/M
86 software. You will probably need to tell the dealer that your
computer 1s a Z80, 8 bit system, to help avoid any confusion.
CONVERT requires at
least one disk drive and one data drive. The best arrangement is to
have two disk drives, although this is not necessary.
In addition to copying programs from the three formats to the ADAM
format, you can also transfer data files. How does
CONVERT reads the necessary
tracks of one disk and manipulates the information in order to put it
into the format ADAM needs. CONVERT copies an entire disk. If
you do not need all of the Information copied, you can use CP/M to
delete that information.
CONVERT may be
obtained directly from Sage Enterprises for $34.95 plus $2.00 for
shipping/handling (Missouri customers should include sales tax). To
order send a check/money order to Sage Enterprises, Rt. 2, Box 211,
Russellvllle, MO 65074. Sorry no COD's or charge cards. If you have
additional questions please feel free to call us Monday, Tuesday,
Thursday or Friday from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm CT at 314/782-3448. Return to Top
PACK (Adam).....1/$3.95 - 10/$37.50
RIBBON CART.....1/$5.50 - 3/$15.00
DISKS (Adam)......30/$35.95 - 10/$14.95
DAISY WHEEL (Adam) - Italic, Script, Elite, etc. 1/$5.50
ADAM COVERS - Set with logo for system......$18.95
ADAM DISK COVER - To match above......$7.99
64K MEMORY EXPANDER.......$69.95
DIGITAL DATA DRIVE........SPECIAL PRICE......$29.95
TRACTOR FEED for Adam printer.....$79.95
PRINTER STAND - Front on/off switch......$19.95
POWER PACK - To separate printer/use CPU alone.....$69.95
ADAM AIR CONDITIONER - Stop heat buildup with this super quiet computer
fan. Will help eliminate the problem with the computer crashing
SERIAL/PARALLEL INTERFACE UNIT - This opens a whole new world for the
Adam owner. Now you can connect a dot matrix hi/speed printer/use
standard modem (300-1200 baud). Comes w/software used with SmartBASIC
or CP/M etc. Serial or Parallel......$139.95
SPEECH SYNTHESIZER UNIT/CLOCK CALENDER - Now add VOICE capabilities to
Adam. Software included. $109.95
Disk Holder - Holds up to 50 disks-anti static.....$15.95
Monitor/TV Stand-360 rotation, up to 12.5 angle.....$22.95
Adam Monitor Cable.....$10.95
Panasonic 1091 Printer.....$279.95
PACKCOPY - Backup SmartBASIC, etc. .....$29.95
DIABLO - Mind Challenge - Graphic.....$19.95
BLACK GOLD - Look for oil. Survey-profits-fun.....$19.95
The STOCK MARKET GAME - Fun & educational.....$19.95
BOUNTY HUNT - Text adventure.....$20.95
ADAM ENTERTAINER - Book (sound, graphic, etc.).....$12.95
ADAM'S COMPANION - Boob (updated).....$9.95
LEARNING TOGETHER WITH ADAM - Book w/LOGO.....$9.95
DataCALC - Spreadsheet.....$24.95
SmartSPELLER - Electronic Dictionary (D or DP).....$39.95
EBU - SmartBASIC - Data Pack or Disk.....$21.95
HACKER'S GUIDE TO ADAM - Disk or DP.....$17.95
TurboLOAD - Revolutionary new product. Speeds up loading programs, a
must for Adam owners. Also includes the FILE ORGANIZER.....$28.95
PaintMASTER - HI-Res graphic design system primarily written in Z80
machine language. Load or save your creation to either D or
MultiWRITE - The only 64 column word processor, no need for moving
windows. What you type on the screen will be printed. On screen R &
L justification, on screen centering and so much more.....$38.95
VIDEO TUNES - Compose, play, save music.....$34.95
AUTOAID - Enhances SmartBASIC. Generate new line numbers as you type.
Defines function keys to be any command or character string & so
MULTI-CART BACKUP - Backup cartridges.....$19.95
S&H - $2.50 US $4.50
CN US $'s only
Free catalog -
We stock what we sell for FAST DELIVERY.
M.W. RUTH CO., Dept. A26
510 Rhode Island Ave.
Cherry Hill, NJ 08002
Vegas ADAM CLUB
10 Unique SmartBASIC
SNAKE EYES (a graphic dice game for 1 to 4
MATCH 'EM (Concentration
LETTER MATCH (MasterMind
with 3 levels)
MORSE CODE (learn
& practice morse code)
CATALOG P/O (create
catalogs for future reference)
COLOR POKES (teaches
the use of color with text)
CARD TRICK (cards
are graphically displayed in text)
I.Q. TEST (measaure
your I.Q. accurately)
GAME (comes with 50 T.V. questions)
TRIVIA MAKER (create
your own questions for TRIVIA GAME)
Send Check or Money
P.O. Box 81146
Las Vegas, NV 89103
Join the leading
ADAM users' group
#1 ADAM USERS' GROUP
CHASER" newsletter. Advanced updating, evaluations on programs &
hardware, technical information direct from Coleco. Problem solving -
program exchange - discount buying service - etc. Send $15
for membership to:
#1 ADAM USERS' GROUP
P.O. Box 3761 - Attn: Jay Forman
Cherry Hill, NJ 08034
(609) 667-2526 * VISA/MASTER-ADD $1
Directory Data Packs
2 for $8.00
These are ADAM data packs. Most contain Buck Roger's Super
game, but can be INITed and used as blank right directory data packs.
Great for backing up other Super Games. Send check/money order to:
Rt. 2, Box 211, Russellville, MO 65074
Return to Top
Return to Top
THE ADAM DEPOT be your one stop computer center for all your ADAM
NEW YEAR SPECIALS
feed for Adam printer.....$79.95
Eve 64K Memory
Eve Power Supply
need for Adam printer)..$69.95
Extra Digital Data
3 piece brown dust
set with Adam logo.....$17.95
Flip N' File 50
4 outlet spike
Daisy Wheels for
(11 styles).....3 for $14.95
Loran brand blank
Nashua blank 5.25"
for$14.95 / 30 for $39.95
Blank Disks...100 for $99.95
Power Print (DP)
right justify & center margin)..$24.95
create & save beautiful images...$24.95
Smart Speller (DP)
(spelling checker program)...$39.95
Smart Filer (DP)
Video Tunes (DP)
or (D) (Martin Consulting)...$29.95
Fantasy Gamer (DP)
(DP) or (D)......$19.95
Diablo (DP) or (D)
Best of B.C. (DP)
two games on one DDP).....$27.95
Best of Broderbund
all around book).....$9.95
Adam Depot brand
packs.....10 for $29.95
Baseball cap - "I
x 11"...1,000 sheets for $14.95
Turboload (speeds up
loading programs 1000%)...$29.95
Chuck Norris Super
AVAILABLE: Speech synthesizer/clock calender.....$109.95
ALSO AVAILABLE: Infocom games for Adam (CP/M 2.2 required)
Zork I, II, III, etc. $$ CALL $$
COMING SOON.......80 Column Video unit/Mother board
assy.........Disk controller unit
VISA/MC ACCEPTED SHIPPING
$2.50 per order CATALOG .25
Return to Top
The publication ADAM
owners have been waiting for...
Everything in the world for the ADAM computer at your fingertips
Here is what you get...
*** ADAM SOFTWARE LISTINGS ***
Sixteen pages listing over 300 pieces of software for the ADAM. Listed
alphabetically & by category. (Prices, manufacturers, description,
*** ADAM HARDWARE & ACCESSORIES ***
Listings of the latest accessories available for ADAM & where to
get them. (Daisy Wheels, Covers, RS232 Interfaces, 80-Column Card,
*** RETAILERS ***
Never ask the question "Where can I buy things for my ADAM?" Here's a
lisitng of over 50 ADAM product producers and mail order companies that
carry ADAM products. (Addresses, Phone, Types of Products, etc...)
*** ADAM PUBLICATIONS ***
Pages listing ADAM books, publications, and newsletters. Subscription
info, prices, etc... Stay in touch with what's happening in the ADAM
*** USER GROUP LISTINGS ***
Over 60 U.S. & Canadian ADAM Users Groups listed. (Addresses &
other info in relation to dues, when they meet, where, etc...)
*** ADAM OWNER
Eight pages of individual ADAM owners who want to be in touch with
other ADAM owners. (We include addresses, phone, age, areas of
*** SERVICE TIPS & INFO ***
Preventive medicine for ADAM. What to do when ADAM is sick...and
listings of the Honeywell Service Centers across the country. Keep ADAM
healthy...read this section!!!
*** TIP SECTION ***
A collection of interesting and general programming tips for ADAM sent
to us from ADAM owners across North America.
The largest collection of ADAM ads you'll find anywhere. Eleven full
pages of ads by all the top ADAM suppliers in the U.S. & Canada.
(Detailed ads giving you the info you want & need!)
*** PUBLIC DOMAIN RESOURCES ***
A good number of sources where you can obtain ADAM software for little
or no cost. Build your own library on a limited budget.
*** ONLINE INFORMATION ***
Find out how to get the most out of your modem. Includes over a dozen
ADAM BBS' as well as hundreds of general BBS' and services across the
(check or money order U.S. funds) to:
The ADAM Resource
P.O. Box 90E
Seelyville, IN 47878
ADAM (tm) is a registered trademark of Coleco Industries, Inc.